Laminate is a synthetic multi-layer floor that’s fused together in a lamination process (hence the name). Not only are the layers important, but it’s often manufactured to replicate the look of hardwood and even stone surfaces.
Wear Layer: This is the top layer of laminate. It’s an invisible surface that rests over the material and helps protect against scratches and other damage. This layer is usually made from an aluminum oxide chemical treatment.
Design Layer: This is the surface that gives laminate its actual appearance. It’s created when an image or pattern is printed on paper like materials that are embedded in resin.
Inner Core: This is the heart of the flooring. It provides the depth, structure and stability of the actual surface covering. It’s generally comprised of wood chips or sawdust that’s ground into a very fine powder, then coated with resin and pressed into flat sheets.
Backing: This last part is a moisture barrier that protects the floor from warping.